Invention of the abacus.
Mechanical calculator invented by Leonardo da Vinci.
Slide rule invented.
Blaise Pascal invents the Arithmetic Machine.
First punch cards for storing data invented by Jacquard.
Charles Babbage invents the Difference Engine.
Charles Babbage invents the Analytical Engine.
Sir Charles Wheatstone uses paper tape to store data.
First patent for semiconductor transistor.
Dvorak keyboard created.
Alan Turing invents the Turing Test.
Konrad Zuse completes the first fully functioning electro-mechanical computer of the
First electronic general purpose computer: ENIAC
First stored program computer is invented, the EDVAC.
First computer "bug" reported.
First point-contact transistor invented.
First commercial computer is created, called the UNIVAC.
John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Schockley of Bell Labs file for a patent on
the first transistor.
Texas Instruments announces the start of commercial production of silicon transistors.
The first transistorized computer is completed, the TX-O (Transistorized Experimental
At Texas Instruments, Jack Kilby completes building the first integrated circuit.
Control Data Corporation delivers the air traffic control display, for use in tracking
IBM develops the first automatic mass-production facility for transistors, in New York.
Teletype ships its Model 33 keyboard and punched-tape terminal, used by many early
Digital Equipment sells its first minicomputer, to Atomic Energy of Canada.
Control Data Corporation announces and delivers the 3600 computer, 603 tape drive, and
405 card reader.
Douglas Engelbart receives a patent on the mouse pointing device for computers.
Moore's Law is printed by a magazine in an article written by Gordon Moore.
John Kemeny and Thomas Kurtz develop the BASIC programming language at Dartmouth
IBM introduces the first disk storage system, the IBM RAMAC 305.
IBM builds the first floppy disk.
Douglas Engelbart, of the Stanford Research Institute, demonstrates his system of
keyboard, keypad, mouse, and windows.
Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore found Intel Corporation.
Advanced Micro Devices Incorporated is founded.
Intel announces a 1 KB RAM chip, which has a significantly larger capacity than any
previously produced memory chip.
Unix is developed at AT&T's Bell Laboratories.
Gary Starkweather, at Xerox's research facility in Webster, New York, demonstrates using
a laser beam with the xerography process to create a laser printer.
Xerox opens the Palo Alto Research Center (PARC).
Intel creates the first 4004 microprocessor.
Intel creates the 1103 chip, the first generally available DRAM memory chip.
Intel introduces its 4-bit bus, 108-KHz 4004 chip - the first microprocessor.
Niklaus Wirth invents the Pascal programming language.
IBM introduces the "memory disk", or "floppy disk", an 8-inch floppy
plastic disk coated with iron oxide.
Intel introduces the 1101 chip, a 256-bit programmable memory, and the 1701 chip, a
256-byte erasable read-only memory (EROM).
Intel introduces its 200-KHz 8008 chip, the first 8-bit microprocessor.
Atari is founded and ships Pong, the first commercial video game.
Canada's Automatic Electronic Systems introduces the world's first programmable word
Bill Gates and Paul Allen form the Traf-O-Data company.
5.25 inch diskettes first appear.
The first prototype Alto workstation computer is turned on at Xerox's Palo Alto Research
Design work is completed on the Micral, the first non-kit computer based on a
The term "microcomputer" first appears in print, in reference to the Micral.
Gary Kildall writes a simple operating system in his PL/M language, called CP/M.
IBM introduces the IBM 3340 hard disk unit, known as the Winchester.
Scelbi Computer Consulting Company offers the first computer kit in the U.S. using a
Bob Metcalfe invents the Ethernet connectivity system.
Intel releases its 2-MHz 8080 chip, an 8-bit microprocessor.
Bravo, the first WYSIWIG program, is developed for the Xerox Alto computer.
Lauren Solomon, 12 year old daughter of Les Solomon, suggests the name
"Altair" for the microcomputer.
Railway Express loses Ed Robert's only prototype Altair computer.
Popular Electronics publishes an article by MITS announcing the Altair 8800 computer.
Motorola introduces its 6800 chip, an 8-bit microprocessor.
Brian Kernighan and Dennis Ritchie develop the C programming language.
RCA releases the 1802 processor, running at a speedy 6.4 MHz.
Bill Gates and Paul Allen license their newly written BASIC to MITS.
Gates and Allen's Traf-O-Data company is renamed Micro-Soft.
Heiser opens the first retail computer store in the USA called "The Computer
IBM's Entry Level Systems unit unveils "Project Mercury", the IBM 5100
The first issue of Byte magazine is published.
Zilog is founded.
Intel introduces the 5-MHz 8085 microprocessor.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak form the Apple Computer Company, on April Fool's Day.
Wang Laboratories announces a word-processing system using advanced computer technology.
The Apple I computer board is sold in kit form, and delivered to stores by Steve Jobs
and Steve Wozniak.
Zilog releases the 2.5-MHz Z80.
The tradename "Microsoft" is registered.
Advanced Micro Devices and Intel sign a patent cross-license agreement, giving AMD the
right to copy Intel's microcode.
U.S. Robotics is founded.
Apple Computer moves from Jobs' garage to an office in Cupertino.
Microsoft ships "Microsoft FORTRAN" for CP/M-based computers.
Radio Shack (a division of Tandy Corp.) announces the TRS-80 microcomputer.
Apple Computer releases Applesoft, a version of BASIC with floating-point capabilities.
Intel introduces the 4.77-MHz 8086 microprocessor.
Atari announces the Atari 400 and 800 personal computers.
Dennis Hayes begins Hayes Microcomputer Products.
Microsoft begins developing BASIC for the Intel 8086 processor.
Taito develops and releases the Space Invaders arcade game in Japan and arcade centers.
Magnavox releases the Odyssey2 cartridge-based console game system.
Apple Computer releases DOS 3.2.
Zilog ships samples of the 16-bit Z8000 processor.
Software Arts demonstrates VisiCalc at the 4th West Coast Computer Faire.
Intel introduces the 4.77-MHz 8088 microprocessor.
Bob Metcalfe founds 3Com Corporation.
CompuServe begins a service to computer hobbyists called MicroNET, offering bulletin
boards, databases, and games.
Clive Sinclair creates Sinclair Research.
Motorola's 68000 16-bit microprocessor appears.
Personal Software releases VisiCalc for the Apple II.
Atari develops the Asteroids computer game.
Alan Shugart founds Seagate Technologies, a maker of hard disk drives.
Atari founder Nolan Bushnell leaves the company, to manage Pizza Time Theatre.
IBM introduces the IBM 3800 laser printer.
Hayes Microcomputer Products introduces the 110/300 baud Micromodem II for the Apple II,
Morrow Designs advertises the 26 MB DISCUS M26 hard drive system for US$5000
Microsoft begins development on an 8086 version of AT&T's Unix operating system.
Sinclair Research announces the ZX80 computer in the North American market.
Microsoft Corp. announces its first hardware product, the Z-80 SoftCard for the Apple
Satellite Software International ships WordPerfect 1.0 for Data General minicomputers.
Seattle Computer Products decides to make their own disk operating system (DOS).
Apple Computer introduces the Apple III at the National Computer Conference.
Universal Data Systems announces the 202LP 1200 bps modem.
Seagate Technologies announces the first Winchester 5.25-inch hard disk drive.
Steve Ballmer joins Microsoft.
Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 Pocket Computer.
IBM representatives meet with Microsoft's Bill Gates and Steve Ballmer to talk about
IBM meets with Microsoft again, and shows plans for Project Chess, a personal computer.
QDOS 0.10 (Quick and Dirty Operating System) is shipped by Seattle Computer Products.
Microsoft announces the Microsoft XENIX OS, a portable and commercial version of Unix.
Microsoft's Paul Allen contacts Seattle Computer Products, asking for the rights to sell
Apple Computer becomes a publicly held company.
Seattle Computer Products renames QDOS to 86-DOS, releasing it as version 0.3.
Philips and Sony create the CD-Audio standard for optical disk storage of digital audio.
Intel announces the iAPX-432 32-bit microprocessor.
Intel introduces the 8087 math coprocessor.
CompuServe merges with H&R Block, and renames MicroNET to CompuServe Information
Sony Electronics introduces the 3.5 inch floppy disk and drive.
Panasonic and Quasar unveil hand-held computers, made by Matsushita.
Commodore announces the VIC-20.
The director of Canada' Radiation Protection Bureau declares that video display
terminals carry no radiation hazard.
Microsoft reorganizes into Microsoft Incorporated.
Microsoft buys all rights to DOS from Seattle Computer Products, and the name MS-DOS is
IBM introduces its first desktop computer, the Datamaster.
The first IBM PCs roll off the assembly lines.
IBM announces the IBM 5150 PC personal computer, in New York.
Apple Computer introduces its first hard drive, the 5MB ProFile, for US$3500.
Novell Data Systems ships the Novell Data Management Computer, with the ability to share
its hard drive space with other computers.
Hayes Microcomputer Products advertises the Smartmodem 300, which becomes the industry
College professor James Clark found Silicon Graphics.
Intel and Advanced Micro Devices agree to collaborate on the design and production of
Commodore announces the Commodore 64 microcomputer.
Sharp introduces the Sharp PC-1500 Hand Held Personal Computer.
Microsoft signs an agreement to develop applications for the Macintosh.
Intel introduces the 6-MHz 80286 microprocessor.
Sun Microsystems is founded.
IBM first offers CP/M-86 for the IBM PC.
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 1.1.
The first IBM PC clone is released by Columbia Data Products.
Digital Equipment announces Rainbow 100.
IBM ships the 200,000th IBM PC.
Hercules announces the Hercules Graphics Card.
Lotus Development announces of Lotus 1-2-3.
VisiCorp announces the VisiOn graphical user interface.
Apple Computer becomes the first personal computer company to reach US$1 billion in
Microsoft releases Microsoft COBOL for MS-DOS.
Microsoft ships its Multiplan spreadsheet program to IBM for testing and marketing.
Advanced Micro Devices and Intel sign a 10-year technology exchange agreement.
John Warnock founds Adobe Systems.
Mouse Systems introduces the first commercial mouse for the IBM PC.
Drexel University in Philadelphia announces it will require all students to own a
Apple Computer officially unveils the Lisa computer.
Apple Computer introduces the Apple IIe.
Media Distributing offers a 44MB hard drive.
Sony Electronics announces the 3.5 inch floppy disk and drive, double-sided,
double-density, holding up to 1MB.
Lotus Development ships Lotus 1-2-3 Release 1.0 for MS-DOS.
Microsoft introduces Multi-Tool Word for DOS.
Radio Shack introduces the TRS-80 Model 4.
The one millionth Apple II is made.
AT&T Bell Labs designs C++.
IBM announces the IBM PC-XT Model 370.
Texas Instruments withdraws from the personal computer market.
Microsoft formally announces Microsoft Windows.
Satellite Software International ships WordPerfect 3.0.
Microsoft again shows Windows to IBM.
Apple unveils the new Macintosh to the press.
In an obscure television market Apple Computer runs its "1984" Macintosh ad.
IBM and Microsoft begin co-developing OS/2.
Dan Silva and others leave Xerox to form Electronic Arts.
In its first year, Compaq Computer sells 47,000 computers, worth US$111 million.
Borland International is founded by Philippe Kahn.
Novell introduces the NetWare network operating system for the IBM PC.
Wang announces the single in-line memory module (SIMM).
Apple Computer runs its "1984" commercial during the NFL SuperBowl.
Apple Computer's Steve Jobs introduces the Apple Macintosh.
Commodore announces that during 1983 Commodore sold US$1 billion worth of computers.
IBM announces the IBM Portable PC.
NEC introduces the 8-MHz V20 microprocessor.
74 days after the introduction of the Macintosh.
Compaq Computer introduces its PCs to Europe.
Silicon Graphics begins shipping its first 3-D graphics workstations.
Apple Computer announces that computers have been selling well since its announcement.
Motorola adds the 68020 32-bit processor to its line.
Commodore announces the Commodore 16.
Commodore purchases Amiga Corporation.
IBM announces the PC-AT.
IBM announces the Enhanced Graphics Adapter.
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 3.0 for PCs.
Microsoft gives a demonstration of the final version of Windows to IBM.
The number of hosts on the Internet reaches 1000.
Apple Computer launches the "Test Drive a Macintosh" promotion.
Several companies introduce 2400 baud modems at COMDEX.
Tandy introduces the Tandy 1000.
Sierra On-Line releases King's Quest.
Hewlett-Packard introduces the LaserJet laser printer.
Apple Computer buys 15% of Adobe.
MIPS Computer Systems is founded.
Philips announces CD-ROM players for personal computers.
MIT begins developing the X Window System.
Apple Computer runs a TV ad during the SuperBowl called "Lemmings".
Compaq Computer reports second year revenues of US$329 million.
Atari introduces the 520ST.
Former Microsoft founder Paul Allen founds Asymetrix.
Apple Computer co-founder Steve Wozniak resigns from Apple Computer.
Apple Computer's board of directors removes Steve Jobs as head of the Macintosh
IBM abandons production of the IBM PCjr.
Microsoft demonstrates Microsoft Windows at Spring Comdex.
Mike Markkula backs John Sculley's decision to "banish" Steve Jobs from any
official duties at Apple Computer.
Microsoft and IBM sign a joint-development agreement to work together on future
operating systems and environments.
Aldus releases Aldus PageMaker for the Apple Macintosh.
Steve Jobs and five senior managers of Apple Computer Inc. found NeXT Incorporated.
Computer company Gateway 2000 is formed.
Apple Computer releases the Apple ImageWriter II printer.
Cauzin releases Cauzin SoftStrips.
Intel introduces the 16-MHz 80386DX microprocessor.
Microsoft France releases a French version of Multiplan 2.0 for the IBM PC.
IBM introduces its token ring network.
General Electric Information Services begins the GEnie online service.
Iomega introduces its storage cartridge system to the Macintosh market.
Microsoft ships Microsoft Windows 1.0.
Apple Computer and Microsoft sign an agreement regarding Microsoft's use of Apple's
VisiCorp files for bankruptcy.
Nintendo introduces the Nintendo Entertainment System in the US.
Apple Computer's board of directors strips Steve Jobs of all operational
Novell introduces NetWare 2.0 network operating system.
Software Arts sells the rights to VisiCalc to Mitch Kapor.
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Plus.
IBM announces the IBM RT Personal Computer.
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 3.2.
IBM boosts the speed of the IBM PC AT by replacing the CPU with a 8-MHz Intel 80286.
Compaq Computer joins the Fortune 500 list faster than any company in history.
Microsoft first sells shares to the public.
Apple Computer discontinues the original Macintosh.
WordPerfect ships WordPerfect 4.2.
Ashton-Tate ships the one millionth copy of dBase.
Lotus Development releases a French version of Lotus 1-2-3 v2.0 in France.
MIPS Technologies unveils the 8-MHz R2000 32-bit CPU. With 110,000 transistors.
Adobe introduces Adobe Illustrator.
NEC Home Electronics introduces its NEC JC-1401P3A Multisync monitor.
The Small Computer System Interface standard is finalized as ANSI X3.131-1986.
Intel introduces the 20-MHz 80386DX microprocessor.
Apple Computer introduces the open architecture Macintosh II.
Apple Computer makes its 1 millionth Macintosh personal computer.
U.S. Robotics unveils its 9600 bps Courier HST modem.
IBM introduces the IBM Personal System/2 (PS/2) line.
IBM unveils its Video Graphics Array (VGA).
IBM introduces its Micro Channel Architecture (MCA).
IBM and Microsoft announce Operating System/2 (OS/2).
IBM announces DOS 3.3 for PCs.
Microsoft announces Microsoft Windows 2.0.
Advanced Micro Devices files suit against Intel.
Sun Microsystems introduces its first SPARC-based system.
Microsoft acquires Forethought.
Apple Computer creates the Claris software company.
Microsoft ships Microsoft Bookshelf, the firsy CD-ROM application.
Microsoft unveils the Microsoft Excel spreadsheet.
Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows/386.
Ven-Tel unveils its EC18K-34 modem.
Ad Lib Incorporated unveils its Ad Lib Personal Computer Music System.
Microsoft releases Microsoft Word 4.0 for the PC.
Borland International ships the Quattro spreadsheet program.
Intel introduces the 80387 math coprocessor.
IBM discontinues the IBM PC line.
ANSI formally adapts SCSI as a standard.
Apple Computer releases its first Ethernet networking product.
Spectrum Holobyte introduces Tetris.
Apple Computer sues Microsoft and Hewlett-Packard for copyright infringement.
Intel introduces the 25-MHz 80386DX microprocessor.
Motorola unveils the 88000 processor.
Apple Computer contracts with Quantum Computer Services to create AppleLink.
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 4.0.
Intel introduces the 16-MHz 80386SX microprocessor.
Compaq Computer introduces its first laptop PC with VGA graphics.
Steve Jobs of NeXT Inc. unveils the first NeXT computer.
Digital Research transforms CP/M into DR DOS.
The bus standard used on IBM AT compatibles is given the name Industry Standard
W.H. Sim founds Creative Labs, Inc.
Atari sues Nintendo.
Hewlett-Packard introduces the HP DeskJet inkjet printer.
The CD-ROM format ISO 9660:88 is adopted.
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh SE/301
The VESA graphics standard emerges.
Intel begins production of the 80486 microprocessor.
Intel announces the 25-MHz 486 microprocessor.
Intel introduces the 33-MHz version of the 80386DX microprocessor.
Microsoft releases Microsoft Word 5.0 for DOS.
The Personal Computer Memory Card International Association (PCMCIA) is formed.
Apple Computer introduces 1.4MB floppy drives for the Macintosh.
Apple Computer and Microsoft announces an alliance to develop a new font standard.
Cyrix introduces the FasMath 83D87 math coprocessor.
WordPerfect ships WordPerfect 5.1.
At Fall Comdex, IBM and Microsoft strongly endorse each other's operating systems.
Xerox files a US$150 million lawsuit aginst Apple.
Intel unveils the i860 RISC processor.
Creative Labs introduces the Sound Blaster.
Sun Microsystems announces the 12.5 MIPS 20-MHz SPARCstation.
Motorola announces the availability of its 32-bit 25-MHz microprocessor.
Intel introduces the 33-MHz 486 microprocessor.
Microsoft introduces and ships Microsoft Windows 3.0.
Digital Research releases DR DOS 5.0.
The US Federal Trade Commission begins an investigation of Microsoft Corp.
Microsoft's sales revenues hit US$1 billion for the past year.
Acer Incorporated buys Alto Computer Systems for US$94 million.
The IEEE approves the 10BASE-T Ethernet specification.
IBM and Microsoft end cooperative work on operating systems.
Apple Computer discontinues many of it's Macintoshes.
IBM introduces the XGA MCA graphics card.
Apple Computer's AppleLink - Personal Edition is renamed America Online.
Motorola announces a new line of single-chip RISC processors.
A judge rules that competitors to Intel can use the x86 designation.
US District Court throws out 5 of 6 claims in Xerox' suit against Apple Computer.
MIPS Technologies unveils the R4000 RISC processor architecture.
IBM gets rid of its printer and typewriter operation to a New York investment firm.
Advanced Micro Designs introduces the Am386DX.
Lotus Development announces Lotus 1-2-3 for the Macintosh.
Apple Computer announces QuickTime software for integration of dynamic media for
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 5.0.
Intel introduces the 50-MHz 486 microprocessor.
Microsoft changes the name of the operating system shared with IBM called OS/2 v3.0 to
Windows NT 3.0.
The ban on business is lifted on the Internet.
Apple Computer ships its System 7.0 Macintosh operating system for US$100.
The PCMCIA card specification v2.0 is released.
Microsoft and others announce the Multimedia PC (MPC) standard.
Apple Computer, Motorola, and IBM officially sign an accord on technology sharing.
Apple Computer introduces the Macintosh Classic II.
Apple Computer unveils the Macintosh PowerBook 100.
MIPS Technologies officially introduces the 100-MHz R4000, its 64-bit RISC processor.
IBM and Intel sign a 10-year joint development agreement to create a series of
The Pearl Agency in Germany develops the first software vending machine.
Creative Labs introduces the Sound Blaster Pro Deluxe, the first stereo PC sound card.
Hewlett-Packard introduces its first color image scanner, the HP Scanjet IIc.
Pixar begins work with the Walt Disney Company on a full-length computer animated film.
Intel introduces the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) local-bus standard for
personal computer systems.
Microsoft stock reaches US$113 per share, making Bill Gates the richest man in the
NEC introduces the first double-speed CD-ROM drive.
Microsoft launches its first TV advertising campaign, for Windows.
Intel and Microsoft announce the Advanced Power Management (APM) specification for
Intel introduces the i486DX2 microprocessor, with clock speeds of 25/50-MHz
Microsoft ships Windows 3.1.
IBM and Microsoft sign a "divorce" document.
Advanced Micro Devices begins work on a fifth-generation x86 processor (in the class of
Intel's Pentium chip).
Apple Computer introduces the PowerBook 145.
Intel introduces the 66-MHz i486DX2 microprocessor.
Intel introduces the 66-MHz OverDrive chip as a companion to the 486SX/33.
Digital Equipment unveils the 150-MHz Alpha 21064 64-bit microprocessor.
Novell buys Unix Systems Laboratories from AT&T, gaining all rights to the Unix
Novell purchases Digital Research Inc. for US$80 million.
Creative Labs introduces the Sound Blaster 16, a 16-bit stereo PC sound card.
IBM reports a year-end loss of US$4.96 billion.
NeXT announces that it will drop its hardware line.
Pinnacle Micro introduces the RCD-202 recordable CD-ROM drive.
Apple Computer ships the 10 millionth Macintosh computer.
Digital Equipment announces the 200-MHz Alpha 21064 processor.
Intel introduces the Pentium processor.
The Software Publishers Association reports that MS-Windows applications are outselling
MS-DOS programs for the first time.
Sun Microsystems, Novell, Hewlett-Packard, IBM and the Santa Cruz Operation announce
that they will work together toward a unified Unix operating system standard.
Compaq Computer, Intel, Microsoft, and Phoenix Technologies define the Plug and Play
specification for PCs.
Microsoft formally launches Windows NT 3.1.
The PCI Special Interest Group completes the version 2.0 specification of the PCI
local-bus standard for microcomputers.
The United States Environmental Protection Agency officially launches the Energy Star
Apple Computer introduces the Newton MessagePad 100 personal digital assistant at
PC Gamer, the first computer magazine devoted totally to computer gaming, begins
Corel completes its purchase of Ventura Software.
Compton's New Media Incorporated receives a patent on multimedia search and retrieval
Gateway 2000 introduces the industry's first VESA VL-bus system.
Novell transfers the Unix trademark to the international X/Open standards organization.
Apple Computer discontinues the Apple II line of computers.
Benny S. Lee, of Everex Systems, Inc. is sentenced to one year in prison for
manufacturing and selling counterfeit MS-DOS software.
The Multimedia PC Marketing Council sets the MPC Level 2 standard, dictating the minumum
configuration required of a PC to run MPC-2 class software.
Commodore Business Machines stops producing Intel-based personal computers.
Silicon Graphics co-founder leaves to start Mosaic Communications.
Microsoft releases Microsoft Windows 3.11.
Apple Computer introduces QuickTime 2.0, with interactive television, music and
full-screen video support.
Apple Computer unveils and ships its first computers based on the PowerPC 601 processor.
Apple Computer releases MacOS System 7.1 and later 7.5.
Apple Computer introduces QuickTake 100, the first 24-bit color digital camera for under
Intel ships its 100-MHz IntelDX4 435 processor.
Novell buys WordPerfect Corporation for US$850 million.
Aldus and Adobe Systems announce plans to merge the two companies.
Commodore International and Commodore Electronics, components of Commodore Business
Machines, file for voluntary liquidation.
Mosaic Communications releases Netscape Navigator 1.0, a world-wide web browser.
The U.S. Patent and Trademark Office decides to reject all 41 of Compton's New Media
Incorporated's patent application's claims.
Apple Computer delivers the DOS Compatible Card.
Microsoft is granted a trademark to the name "Windows" for software products.
Microsoft releases MS-DOS 6.22, with disk compression under the name DriveSpace.
Borland International sells its Quattro Pro spreadsheet to Novell for about US$140
Digital Equipment Corporation formally introduces its next-generation Alpha AXP
The International Telecommunications Union ratifies the 28.8Kbps V.34 modem standard.
U.S. Robotics ships the Courier v.34 28.8Kbps modems. List price: US$329 internal,
IBM introduces the Aptiva line. They are built to replace the PS/1 line and are aimed at
the home PC market.
Microsoft announces and ships Windows NT Workstation 3.5 and Windows NT Server 3.5.
IBM formally launches OS/2 Warp version 3.
Seagate Technologies announces the first disk drive and interface achieving a transfer
rate of 100 MB per second.
Apple Computer, Motorola, and IBM announce that they will create a computer platform to
run all major operating systems, except Microsoft Windows.
Cyrix announces the M1 next-generation x86 processor.
Intel confirms that about 2 million Pentium chips have been shipped with a defective
Apple Computer demonstrates a PCI-based Power Macintosh using a 120-MHz PowerPC 604
WordStar International, Spinnaker Software, and SoftKey Software Products merge
Number Nine Computer Corp. ships the first PC video board using a 128-bit accelerator
Iomega Corp. introduces its Zip drive and Zip disks, floppy disk sized removable storage
in sizes 100MB.
The SCSI-2 standard is finalized.
Apple Computer ships QuickTime VR.
Radius Incorporated demonstrates the first Power Macintosh clone.
Compaq Computer reaches worldwide number one PC marketshare position.
Apple Computer signs a licensing agreement with three companies, allowing them to
produce Macintosh compatible computers.
IBM releases PC DOS 7.
At an auction in New York, ESCOM buys all rights, properties, and technologies of
Microsoft asks Netscape Communications to agree to not develop Netscape Navigator for
Windows 95 and successors. Netscape refuses.
Intel introduces the P6 processor, to be called the Pentium Pro.
Intel announces the immediate availability of the 133-MHz Pentium processor.
Apple Computer introduces the first commercial color laser printer, the Color Laser
Iomega introduces the Jaz line of high capacity removable cartridge drives.
Microsoft releases Windows NT v3.51.
U.S. Robotics begins shipping enhanced Courier V.Everything modems capable of
transmitting data at up to 33.6Kbps.
Cyrix announces the 100-MHz CX5x86 microprocessor.
Microsoft releases Windows 95.
Microsoft introduces Office 95.
A unified standard for DVD (Digital Versatile Disc) technology is announced.
Diamond Multimedia Systems acquires modem maker Supra, for cash and stock worth US$54
Intel introduces the 83-MHz Pentium OverDrive processor, for replacement in 33-MHz 486DX
and 486DX2/66 systems.
Seagate Technologies and Conner Peripherals agree to a US$1.1 billion merger.
Digital Equipment announces its Alpha 21164 processor running at 333-MHz.
Novell announces its decision to exit from the personal productivity applications
Amiga Technologies ships the A4000T microcomputer.
Intel announces the Pentium Pro microprocessor at speeds of 150-, 180-, and 200 MHz.
Sun Microsystems introduces new Ultra 1 and Ultra 2 workstations, based on the 64-bit
IBM, Apple, and Motorola release the PowerPC Platform specifications, called the Common
Hardware Reference Platform (CHRP).
Sony Electronics introduces its 32-bit game system, PlayStation.
Sega introduces the 32-bit game system, Saturn.
Advanced Micro Devices and NexGen complete their merger, with AMD paying US$623 million
Intel announces the immediate availability of the 66/166-MHz Pentium processor.
Corel purchases WordPerfect, Quattro Pro, and the PerfectOffice application suite from
Novell for US$180 million.
Intel renames the P7 processor Merced.
Advanced Micro Devices and Intel sign a five-year patent cross-license agreement.
Santa Cruz Operations releases SCO UnixWare 2.1.
Silicon Graphics buys Cray Research, at a cost of about US$765 million.
Corel releases Corel WordPerfect Suite 7, and Corel Office Professional Suite.
Netscape Communications releases Netscape Navigator 2.02.
Microsoft releases the first real version of Microsoft Internet Explorer, 2.0.
Intel introduces the 200-MHz Pentium processor, in small quantities. Price is US$599.
Digital Equipment ships 366-MHz and 400-MHz versions of its Alpha 21164 microprocessor.
Nintendo announces the Nintendo 64, a 64-bit console system.
Microsoft releases Windows NT 4.0.
Microsoft releases Microsoft Internet Explorer 3.0.
Microsoft unveils Windows CE operating system for hand-held PCs.
Seagate Technology introduces the Cheetah ST19101 9.1 GB, a 10,000 RPM hard disk drive.
Enorex Microsystems introduces the Enorex Ultra PC line of Digital Equipment Alpha
Microsoft unveils Microsoft Office 97 at Fall Comdex.
Apple Computer buys Steve Jobs' NeXT Software company for about US$425 million in cash
and Apple stock.
Digital Equipment announces availability of the 500-MHz Alpha 21164 processor.
At the Microprocessor Forum, Advanced Micro Devices announces the K6 processor.
At the Microprocessor Forum, Cyrix announces the M2 processor.
Microsoft buys WebTV for US$425 million.
Steve Jobs announces an investment of US$150 million from Microsoft.
Apple Computer releases the Mac OS 8.0.
Apple announces it will only sell computers via the CompUSA retail chain adn online via
the Apple Store.
Netscape Communications releases the Netscape Communicator suite, which includes
Motorola announces it is leaving the Macintosh market.
The U.S. justice department asks a federal court to hold Microsoft in contempt.
Sun Microsystems takes legal action against Microsoft for using non-standardized Java in
Internet Explorer 4.
Apple announces the G3 processor, which is twice as fast as a comparably megahertz-rated
Pentium II chip.
- Compaq buys Digital Equipment for US$9.6 billion.
- Microsoft ships Windows 98.
- Netscape announces that it will make its source code available to anyone who wants it.
- Value of internet stocks such as Yahoo! and Infoseek skyrocket.
- Apple Computer ceases development of its Newton operating system and Newton OS-based
- Apple Computer releases the iMac.
- Intel releases the Pentium II 300, 333, 400, 450, and faster processors to the market.
Steve Wozniak and Bill Fernandez build a computer with lights and switches, from parts
rejected by local companies. They call it the Cream Soda Computer.
At Xerox PARC, Alan Kay proposes they build a portable personal computer, called the
Dynabook, the size of an ordinary notebook. PARC management does not support it.
Kentucky Fried Computers is founded.
Steve Wozniak proposes that Hewlett-Packard create a personal computer. Steve Jobs
proposes the same to Atari. Both are rejected.
Ross Perot asks Bill Gates about buying Microsoft.
Atari ad: "Atari promises to be the most popular Personal Computer System of the
Sol Libes quote in Byte magazine's ByteLines: "The 32-bit machine would be
'overkill' for a personal computer."
Quote from Tandy president John Roach, regarding IBM's entry into the microcomputer
field: "I don't think it's that significant".
Apple Computer runs a full-page ad in the Wall Street Journal with a headline that reads
"Welcome IBM. Seriously.".
"640k should be enough for anybody." -Bill Gates.
Future Computing Inc. quote: "CP/M 2.2 is extremely important, and the Z80 chip
will live forever because of it."
Quote by Steve Jobs, of Apple Computer, "We're prepared to live with Lisa for the
next ten years."
Quote from Spinnaker Software chairman William Bowman: "We're just sitting here
trying to put our PCjrs in a pile and burn them. And the damn things won't burn. That's
the only thing IBM did right with it - they made it flameproof."
Quote by Apple Computer's Mike Markkula to Steve Jobs, on seeing the "1984"
Macintosh TV ad: "You mean you really want to show this?"
Quote by Bill Gates, of Microsoft, when asked if he would develop software for the NeXT
computer: "Develop for it? I'll piss on it."
Quote from a Lotus Development official, while demonstrating a new DOS version of Lotus
1-2-3: "We don't see Windows as a long-term graphical interface for the masses."
Microsoft vice president Brad Silverberg quote: DOS will be "with us forever. We've
learned how passionate people are about DOS."
Quote from IBM's Lee Reiswig: "We will be enhancing OS/2 until the late
Quote by Aaron Goldberg, of International Data Corp.: "I don't know if anyone has
tried to run Windows on a 286 machine, but frankly I'd rather have knitting needles in my
Quote from Alex. Brown & Sons analyst, Mark Stahlman: "(Commodore) is likely to
be one of the big success stories of the early 1990s."